· Length: 13.5 inches Wingspan: 32 inches
· Large dabbling duck
· Blue bill with black nail
· White secondary coverts (greyer in females) and green speculum
· Grey axillae
·· White belly
· Juvenile similar to adult female
Adult male alternate:
· Alternate plumage worn from autumn through early summer
·· Yellowish crown
· Rufous head
· Rusty breast
· Pale grey back and flanks
· White patch at rear portion of flanks
· Black under tail coverts
· Blue bill with black tip
·· Mottled dark brown body plumage with rustier flanks contrasting with paler head and neck
· Dusky eye patch
Average length: M 19.3", F 17.9
Average weight: M 1.6 lbs., F 1.4 lbs.
The European widgeon prefers marshes, ponds, lakes, tidal marshes and bays.
The widgeon spends much of its time grazing on a variety of grasses and sedges. Eurasian widgeons are aquatic grazers and feed primarily on pondweeds, eelgrass, other aquatic plants, and grass found in shallow water and in fields and meadows.
Eurasian widgeons breed from Iceland, the British Isles, and Scandinavia east to eastern Siberia and Kamchatka, and south to northern Europe, central Russia, and northern China. Females prefer to nest on the ground near water in areas of taiga and forest and lay an average of 7 to 10 eggs.